Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Lessons from Belgium
David Albert Jones, Chris Gastmans and Calum MacKellar (Eds)
Examining the evidence from Belgium - one of only five countries where euthanasia is practised legally - an international panel of experts considers the implications of legalised euthanasia and assisted suicide. Looking at the issue from an international perspective, the authors have written an invaluable in-depth analysis of the ethical aspects of this complex area. The discussion forms a solid foundation for informed debate about assisted dying. With contributors from a broad range of disciplines, this is ideal for students, academics, legislators and anyone interested in legal, medical, social and philosophical ethics. This book is a vital and timely examination of a growing phenomenon and one of the most challenging ethical questions of our time.
Part I - Euthanasia Legislation in Belgium and Its Applications
1. A Discussion of the Legal Rules on Euthanasia in Belgium Briefly Compared with the Rules in Luxembourg and the Netherlands
2. The Belgian Experience of Euthanasia Since Its Legal Implementation in 2002
3. Ethics and the Psychiatric Dimensions of Physician-Assisted Suicide: A View from the United States
Part II - Euthanasia and End-of-Life Care
4. Assisted Dying: The Current Situation in Flanders: Euthanasia Embedded in Palliative Care
5. The Practice of Continuous Sedation at the End of Life in Belgium: How Does it Compare to UK Practice, and is it Being Used as a Form of Euthanasia?
6. 2002-2016: Fourteen Years of Euthanasia in Belgium: First-Line Observations by an Oncologist
7. 'A Last Act of Grace'? Organ Donation and Euthanasia in Belgium
Part III - Euthanasia and Particular Vulnerable Groups
8. A Life Worth Living? Disabled People and Euthanasia in Belgium
9. Euthanasia in Patients with Intolerable Suffering Due to an Irremediable Psychiatric Illness: A Psychiatric Perspective
10. Euthanasia in Children: Keep Asking the Right Questions
11. Euthanizing People Who Are 'Tired of Life'
12. Euthanasia in Persons with Severe Dementia
Part IV - Euthanasia in Belgium: A Philosophical and Bioethical Discussion
13. Some Possible Consequences Arising from the Normalisation of Euthanasia in Belgium
14. Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide in Belgium: Bringing an End to Interminable Discussion
15. Psychiatric Patients and the Culture of Euthanasia in Belgium
Final Conclusions on Final Solutions
The Moral Philosophy of Elizabeth Anscombe
Luke Gormally, David Albert Jones and Roger Teichmann (Eds)
Elizabeth Anscombe's 1958 essay 'Modern Moral Philosophy' transformed the subject, undermining the assumption that there is no connection between facts, values, and reasons for action; and directing attention towards the virtues. Her later ethical writings were focused on particular issues such as those of conscience, double-effect, murder, and sexual ethics. In this collection of new essays these and other aspects of her moral philosophy are examined. Anyone interested in Anscombe's work will want to read this volume.
John Haldane - Preface
David Albert Jones - Introduction
Anselm Winfried Müller - The Spiritual Nature of Man
Duncan Richter - The Conception of the Architectonic Good in Anscombe's Moral Philosophy
José M. Torralba - On Morally Neutral Actions, and the Relevance of Practical Truth for Action Theory
Matthew B. O'Brien - On Obligation and the Virtues of Law
Thomas Pink - Anscombe, Williams and the Positivization of Moral Obligation
Candace Vogler - Anscombe on Promising
Luke Gormally - On Killing Human Beings
David Goodill OP - Elizabeth Anscombe on Just War
David Albert Jones - Anscombe on the Human Embryo
Kevin L. Flannery SJ - Anscombe on Two Jesuits and Lying
Roger Teichmann - Sincerity in Thought
Mary Geach - Anscombe on Sexual Ethics
Edward Harcourt - Internalised Others, Joint Attention and the Moral Education of the Child
John Finnis - Body, Soul and Information: On Anscombe's 'Royal Road' to True Belief
The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth: exploring moral choices in childbearing
Dr Helen Watt
The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth addresses the unique moral questions raised by pregnancy and its intimate bodily nature. From assisted reproduction to abortion and 'vital conflict' resolution to more everyday concerns of the pregnant woman, the book argues for pregnancy as a close human relationship with the woman as guardian or custodian. If the status of the fetus is conclusive for at least some moral questions raised by pregnancy, so too are facts about its bodily relationship with, and presence in, the woman who supports it. The pregnant woman is not a mere 'neighbor' or helpful stranger to the fetus but is rather already in a real familial relationship bringing real familial rights and obligations.
1: The Uni-personal Pregnancy
2: The Neighborly Pregnancy
3: The Maternal Pregnancy
4: The Spousal Pregnancy
Appendix: Pregnancy and Lethal Fetal Anomaly
Thinking Christian Ethos: the meaning of Catholic education
David Albert Jones and Stephen Barrie
This book is about the meaning of Catholic education. It is not a book only for practising Roman Catholics but is a resource for anyone who wishes to explore how education is to be understood from a Christian perspective. It sets out a vision of education that is, or that ought to be, embodied in a Church School (especially but not only in a Catholic school).
Section 1. The Nature of Education: What is needed for human persons to flourish?
1 Human Persons
2 The Integral Formation of Persons
3 Education & Ethos
Section 2. Christian Education: What difference does Jesus make?
4 Who is Jesus
5 The Virtues Transformed
6 Christianity & the Task of Education
Section 3 .The Church & Education: What should a Catholic School look like?
7 A Light to the World
8 The Ethos of a Catholic School
9 The Mission of a Catholic School
Chimera's Children: Ethical, Philosophical and Religious Perspectives on Human-Nonhuman Experimentation
David Albert Jones and Calum MacKellar
A comprehensive survey of the current context and ethical implications of human-nonhuman genetic combinations.
Preface \ Part I: Background, Definitions and Current Legislation \ Introduction \ 1. Historical Background \ 2. National and International Legislation \ Part II: Developments in the Creation of Human-Nonhuman Combinations \ 3. Human-Nonhuman Transgenesis \ 4. Human-Nonhuman Gestation \ 5. Human-Nonhuman Hybrid Embryos \ 6. Human-Nonhuman Cytoplasmic Hybrids (Cybrids) \ 7. Human-Nonhuman Chimeras \ Part III: Cultural, Worldview and Ethical Perspectives \ 8. Cultural Perspectives \ 9. Worldview Perspectives \ 10. Ethical Perspectives \ 11. Ethical Analysis\ 12. Conclusions
Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics Vol.17.1 2011
This special edition of the journal Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics contains 6 papers that were originally presented at an Anscombe Bioethics Centre conference at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. The volume also contains an editorial by Dr Trevor Stammers, two other papers (by Peter Omonzejele and Jo Difford) and a number of book reviews.
Trevor Stammers 5-6
Courts, Legislators and Human Embryo Research: Lessons from Ireland - William Binchy 7-27
Embryo Research in Italy: The Bioethical and Biojuridical Debate - Laura Palazzani 28-39
The Law and Politics of Embryo Research in America - O. Carter Snead 40-52
Believing in the Dignity of Human Embryos - Michael Hauskeller 53-65
The 'Special Status' of the Human Embryo in the United Kingdom: An Exploration of the Use of Language in Public Policy - David Albert Jones 66-83
The Commons Science and Technology Committee Inquiry into Hybrid Embryo Research 2007: Credible, Reliable and Objective? - Pauline Gately 84-109
The Ethics of Commercial Surrogate Mothering: A Response to Casey Humbyrd - Peter F. Omonzejele 110-122
Doubts about a Classic Defence of Abortion - Jo Difford 122-129
Fertility and Gender
Helen Watt (Ed.)
What is sex and why is it important? Does marriage have a basic rationale? How should couples manage their fertility, and when and how should pregnancy be achieved? How should we respond to 'embryo adoption', teenage pregnancy, population growth, HIV/AIDS and other STIs, same-sex attraction?
This collection of original essays looks at these and other pivotal issues in reproductive and sexual ethics, from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, psychology and economic science.
The Soul of the Embryo
Dr David Albert Jones
In recent years, the moral status of the human embryo has come to the fore as a vital issue for a range of contemporary ethical debates: concerning the overproduction, freezing and discarding of embryos in IVF; concerning the use of 'spare' embryos for scientific experimentation; and finally, concerning the prospect of producing clone embryos. These debates have involved not only general philosophical concerns, but specifically religious arguments.
Until The Soul of The Embryo there has been no significant systematic work on the history of Christian reflection on the human embryo. David Albert Jones seeks to tell the story of this unfolding tradition - a myriad of medical, moral, philosophical and theological issues.
Healthcare Allocation: Applying Catholic Social Teaching
Paul Gately, Ashley Beck and David Albert Jones
Section 1: Setting the scene and highlighting some concerns Section 2: Catholic social teaching and healthcare allocation Section 3: Healthcare allocation - applying the principles in practice
Incapacity and Care
Dr Helen Watt (Ed.)
What are the duties of carers and health professionals to people with mental incapacity? How ought we to think about the ethical and legal issues? What can any of us do to improve and safeguard the lives of those cared for? This book seeks to examine in detail and find ethically robust answers to such questions. Among the topics discussed are withholding treatment, tube-feeding patients with dementia, the 'persistent vegetative state', medical research, and sterilisation of intellectually disabled adults. Contributors come from a wide range of disciplines, including psychiatry, nursing, philosophy, theology and law. The book includes an account by Wendy Hiscox of non-voluntary euthanasia in the Netherlands and Belgium, and a chapter by John Finnis exploring some aspects of Britain's Mental Capacity Act 2005.
Cooperation, Complicity and Conscience
Dr Helen Watt (Ed.)
Cooperation in evil or wrongdoing is one of the most perplexing areas in bioethics, both for those working in the field and those seeking their advice. The papers collected in this book are written by philosophers, theologians and lawyers who have studied these problems and / or by those who have faced these problems in their own work in law, healthcare and research, and political campaigning. The volume includes both general treatments of the subject of cooperation and conscientious objection, and more specific treatments of topics such as voting to improve unjust laws, research on fetal / embryonic cells, and care of suicidal patients. The book is offered as a guide to a field which is both of academic interest and of personal concern to those who face cooperation problems in their own life and work. Contributors include: Bishop Donal Murray, Bishop Anthony Fisher OP, Jane Adolphe, Mike Delany, John Finnis, Luke Gormally, Colin Harte, Cathleen Kaveny, Richard Myers, Charlie O'Donnell, Alexander Pruss, Neil Scolding and Helen Watt.
Culture of Life, Culture of Death
Luke Gormally (Ed.)
There is a fundamental clash in contemporary society between, on the one hand, an orthodox Christian understanding of human dignity and of what is required of us if we are to respect and honour the dignity of every human being and, on the other hand, a secularist vision of human existence. In his great Encyclical Evangelium Vitae, 'The Gospel of Life', Pope John Paul II identified as the practical expression of this clash the conflict between what he called the 'culture of life' and the 'culture of death'. The present volume explores the roots of the two cultures, contemporary manifestations of the culture of death and the culture of life, and the requirements for building a culture of life. There are contributions from historians, legal and political theorists, medical practitioners, pastors, philosophers and theologians.
Healthcare Allocation: an ethical framework for public policy
Luke Gormally (Ed.)
This volume, prepared on behalf of The Catholic Bishops' Joint Bioethics Committee, argues that there is a need for an alternative to the most widely influential understandings of the ethical requirements which healthcare allocation policy should meet. It offers a detailed critique both of liberal-welfarist and utilitarian approaches to healthcare allocation. The authors maintain that an ethically adequate approach to resource allocation in healthcare must be based on specific ('content-full') understandings of the human person, of human needs, of human community and the common good, and of the nature of healthcare. Only if policy is informed by such understandings can it avoid serious injustice to patients and the abandonment of values essential to healthcare practice. The volume details the normative requirements allocation policy should meet, and highlights injustices which are encouraged by current tendencies in policy, reinforced by decisions in the courts.
Life and Death in Healthcare Ethics: A short introduction
Dr Helen Watt
In a world of rapid technological advances, the moral issues raised by life and death choices in healthcare remain obscure. This book provides a concise, thoughtful and extremely accessible guide to these moral issues. The author examines, using real-life cases, a range of choices taken by health professionals, patients and clients which lead to the shortening of life. The topics considered include: euthanasia and withdrawal of treatment the persistent vegetative state abortion IVF and cloning life-saving treatment of pregnant women. Clearly written and insightful, this book presupposes no prior knowledge of philosophy. It will be of interest to anyone approaching healthcare ethics for the first time, or seeking to develop his or her understanding of some core topics in the field.
Issues for a Catholic Bioethic
Luke Gormally (Ed.)
This volume contains all the invited papers delivered at the 1997 International Bioethics Conference hosted by the Linacre Centre. There is also a small selection of supplementary contributions.
Euthanasia, Clinical Practice and the Law
Luke Gormally (Ed.)
The first part of this volume contains a reprint of the important Linacre Centre Working Party Report on Euthanasia and Clinical Practice first published in 1982. The second part of the volume contains the substantial Submission made on behalf of the Linacre Centre to the House of Lords' Select Committee on Medical Ethics (1993), together with studies on
Ethics in Nursing Practice: Basic Principles and their Application
A monograph on nursing ethics by F.J. Fitzpatrick.
�This book goes a considerable way towards filling a gap which Christian nurses may become aware of when studying ethics i.e. a clear exposition of a Christian perspective on ethical issues affecting nursing.� � Dorothy Whyte, Ethics and Medicine
The Dependent Elderly: Autonomy, Justice and quality of care
Luke Gormally (Ed.)
A distinguished team of contributors from the fields of medicine, philosophy and law address some of the issues which arise over the provision of care for dependent elderly patients. Some of the chapters are concerned with the challenge of achieving good quality medical care, the chronic inadequacies of policy making in the UK context, and the prospects for improvement in the medium term. Other chapters look at some of the threats to dependent elderly patients posed by longer-term social and ideological trends which find expression in proposals for age-limits to health care, advocacy of living wills and euthanasia, arguments for withdrawing tube-feeding from certain categories of patient, and certain proposals for resource allocation. This interdisciplinary volume will have a wide appeal to those involved in care of the dependent elderly, to health policy analysts and health care economists, and to bioethicists.
Who am I? Experiences of Donor Conception
Alexina McWhinnie, Joanna Rose, Christine Whipp, Louise Jamieson
What is it like to grow up knowing that one was conceived from donor sperm - or to find this out only much later in life? How does it feel to meet, for the first time, other children of one's donor father - or to continue to search for the identity of the donor and of other relatives? In this book, three adult offspring conceived by donor insemination share their experiences. Dr Alexina McWhinnie, a social researcher who has worked extensively in the area of assisted conception, reflects further on their stories and those of other donor-conceived adults. Published by the Idreos Education Trust; distributed by the Anscombe Bioethics Centre